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Background

The Institute for Democracy, Governance, Peace and Development in Africa (IDGPA) is an independent research institution that provides research on democracy, governance, peace and development in Africa with a special focus on Central and Southern African countries. It offers a platform to African intellectuals and other researchers to reflect on how democracy, good governance, peace and development can be promoted and consolidated in Africa.

Since independence the African continent has been plagued by a multifaceted crisis. A number of reasons account for such crisis which globally amounts to crisis of democracy, governance, peace and development. Yet, democracy, governance, peace and development feature prominently among the major objectives of the African Union (AU) and all African sub-regional organisations. They are also central to AU initiatives and programmes such as the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) and particularly the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) whose basic instrument is the Declaration on Democracy, Political, Economic, Social and Cooperate Governance.

After decades of “dictatorships of development”, which rather contributed to underdevelopment and gross human rights violations, and gave rise to numerous conflicts on the continent, it is now agreed that sustainable peace and development can only be achieved under democratic governance and truly developmental states are democratic states.

The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and other development agencies have reached the same conclusion.

The responsibility to achieve democracy, good governance, peace and development in Africa lies primarily with African people themselves. The establishment of the Institute for Democracy, Governance, Peace and Development in Africa (IDGPA) should be understood as another effort by concerned African intellectuals to reflect on how democracy, good governance, peace and development can be promoted and consolidated on the African continent.